Since the creation of the first calculating machines, scientists, technicians, science fiction authors, philosophers, sociologists and economists anticipate and attempt to predict potential and ethics possible and/or desirable in Artificial Intelligence, now commonly called AI , although you can also cross the terms of Machine Learning and Data Science.
So frequently the public or information sources give these names for subjects that are only advanced programming. Artificial Intelligence raises many questions and highlights as many fears (more or less reasoned) That of positive fascination (more or less dreamed).
Artificial Intelligence, exponential development
IA and data, what is the usefulness of the data?
Digital assistants and consorts like Siri or Cortana and many others are not yet an entity that can joke with you or propose the solution to all your needs, however, Data invades at large not all the professional fields but also what you might well consider private.
The data provides health advice, but also tips on how you shop. She will soon recommend the vehicle that will provide for your transportation while you check your work day or your children’s schedule or your next vacation. Data can combine your preferences and advise you on the next video game that might interest you, or on custom content for your press review…
Bots and IA may not be visible to you, but their utility and productivity is no longer to be demonstrated.
We currently use a persona instead, but artificial intelligence is gradually giving
“body” to the personas, the possibilities being so much richer using Data. The question, here as elsewhere, is woven in terms of what we want, users, humans, in terms of storage and exploitation of data, especially when it comes to ours, right?
IA and cybersecurity
We talk cheerfully about cybersecurity. What role will artificial intelligence play in cybersecurity? The subject is important, on the methods and material. But isn’t the question above all who and especially how information is processed, what ethic are the laws, what international and national rules to protect humans from flaws as well as destructive or misinformed intentions? Here as elsewhere, it is a question of respect more than technology, because who uses this technology?
We’ve seen how criminal cases can be effectively assisted by AI. The sad cold case of little Gregory, among others, has been rebounded thanks to IBM’s ANB software (analyst’s Notebook), which has enabled investigators to process the data mass accumulated since 1984.
AI, a tool that is becoming increasingly useful in critical, even vital areas
Data Science is an additional tool that has not only its place in security or marketing.
Health data is providing more and more services. We talk a lot about virtual reality (VR) and 3D printing, which literally explode the potentials for patient care and management.
Artificial Intelligence and Data Science also allow a significant breakthrough: Assisted medical imaging already equals human expertise. Imagine the time saving your surgeon can thus redistribute to focus on his technique and psychological support, and also to reduce risk of overwork (which is not irrelevant to the two preceding points, right?). We can also monitor your heart rate, detect depression from photos broadcast on the net. Artificial Intelligence and Health: a thriving market.
AI could allow more humanity in health care.
I also invite you to read this article on ethics and AI: the Evolution and ethics of AI.
So, IA, miracle solution?
Is AI a miracle solution? In reality, an AI alone is not currently the miracle solution, and could it be, would it be desirable? What we call, to facilitate the discussion, Artificial Intelligence, is basically a sequence of code composed and conceived by humans, with the possible and imaginable biases that this includes.
While we test AI to self-program to learn by themselves, none has been born without the initial input of the human.
An “born AI” is still—for the moment—only fiction, speculative fiction, as in Dan Simmons’s cycle Hyperion Cantos, where the author imagines and extrapolates an entire evolved society from this premise.
I let you discover the rich and many other themes of this superb science fiction cycle, only a part of which can be perceived by reading this interview of Dan Simmons reproduced on the website of the Editions du non-A: meeting with Dan Simmons, the master from QI Hyperion to artificial life, the brilliant and provocative visions of the author of the great science fiction saga Hyperion (in french). Dan Simmons talks about neuroethics, without judgement.
Many authors of science fiction, and specifically anticipation who have attempted to imagine, predict what can involve the evolution of one or more AI.
The less optimistic will also remind you of movies like matrix or terminator, others will go further in questioning with the new and the films Blade Runner and Blade Runner 2049 finally arriving to ask the questions that are underlying to others:
- What is human being, and what rights and duties are derived from it in relation to ourselves and others, including the species and the environment?
- How does life develop?
- and can it develop in ways that we would not have imagined/planned yet?
Why is the AI sexist?
You will have noticed, we talk about the feminine, and the choice is not neutral. No, you’re not dreaming: why are the names and voices of virtual assistants, so to speak, exclusively feminine? In view of the domination of the genre, one can legitimately ask the question of a will of cliché, as recalled this interesting article of Mashable France: one does not want to break the atmosphere, but even artificial intelligence is sexist.
Bias is everywhere. We are humans. Whatever you do, you may be subject to personal or cultural bias. For the diversity of minds, behaviours and creativity, this is great. However, some of us are not always kind and ethical: this is a problematic bias for data and their use.
‘AIs are being trained on racist data – and it’s starting to show‘, explains John Murray on The Next Web. The original publication was written on Binary District with the title ‘Racist Data? Human Bias is Infecting AI Development‘.
AI and anthropomorphism
We measure everything at our own scale, and the anthropomorphism is always in the picture, because even endowed with empathy, it is not simple for us to understand the universe at other scales and yardsticks than that of the human.
To conclude about AI
Humanity has never stopped evolving, because it is our guarantee of survival. Empathy has always been a way to push us out of our limits, not only as individuals, but as people in a society, in a civilization, as species.
Do we want artificial intelligence to be a tool, or do we seek to surpass ourselves?
As with any innovation or activity, finally, the important thing is finally to not lose sight of the human, is not it? On these reflections, I let you return to your activities, wishing them to be all carriers of smiles and rich memories to your human life.
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Exciting articles are written every week on the subject of artificial intelligence, as at the very moment when I finish writing these lines, so I suggest you continue the reflection by going to take a look here:
- Article of the echoes Artificial intelligence: New form of assistantship? True or false debate?
- France Culture has treated the subject in an exciting way, in particular a part of the question of the day on who should assume the decisions made by artificial intelligence?
- If you are reading English, this article may also be of interest to you on Information Age entitled Augmented Intelligence: why the human element can’t be forgotten
References to the following sources are quoted in this article: France Culture, Le Monde, Science et l’avenir, Mashable France, Journal du Net, Les Echos, Le Parisien, Wikipedia, Emarketing, Information Age, Pivigo Blog, IBM I2 Analyst’s Notebook, Apple Siri, Cortana from Microsoft, Matrix, Terminator and Blade Runner, non-A editions, Pocket editions and writer Dan Simmons.